Education in Orissa: An Introduction
Orissa has chalked out a place in the maps of India as a premier education destination in the past few years. With the establishment of some elite Institutions and universities, Orissa is gradually transforming into the Education Hub of the country. The establishment of institutions like The Indian Institute of technolgy(IIT) In Bhubaneswar and The Vedanta University which would be the country's only truly world-class university, at par with Stanford, Harvard, and Oxford universities and would offer undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral degrees to 100,000 Indian and foreign students in 95 disciplines including engineering, medicine, business, liberal arts, sciences, law, and the performing arts in it’s 8,000 acres (32 km²) campus, is a testimony to the fact.
Education System In Orissa
Starting with Primary Education, Orissa has done exceptionally well to ensure the quality of education in the state remains good.With a literacy rate of 68.8% that is higher than the national literacy rate,Orissa has ensured that Children across the state get access to education at leat in the primary level.
Children are enrolled in school at the age of five and read core subjects like physics, chemistry and biology, mathematics (arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, computer science, and set theory), social studies (geography, history, civics, and economics), and three languages, which are usually Oriya, Hindi, and English. Additionally, school children receive training in sports and physical education, as well as vocational training. On completion of 10 years of education in school, Children appear in one of the three School Examinations to qualify for further Higher Education. These examinations are
(i) The All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) conducted by the central government run Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
(ii) Orissa High School Certificate Examination, which is conducted by the Board of Secondary Education,Orissa
(iii) The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination, conducted annually by the New Delhi based Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE)
Two years of higher secondary education follow, which is optional. Students, usually in the 15 through 17 age group, have a choice of specializing in the following streams (i) science, (ii) arts, or (iii) commerce. At this stage, the students get exposed to a wide array of elective subjects. The CBSE conducts the All India Senior School Certificate Examination and the CISCE conducts the Indian School Certificate Examinations for students in class XII.There are also junior colleges and degree colleges in the state that offer secondary education for class XII children. The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Orissa conducts the higher secondary level examination for them.
This educational structure in Orissa is referred to commonly as the 10+2 system. Students who undergo the 10+2 education system are eligible for admission into a college or university in Orissa, and can also opt for other professional training. However, admission into the few top institutions in Orissa, particularly in engineering and medicine, are highly competitive. Students graduating from class XII typically must qualify in an entrance examination in order to gain admission.
National Level Public Institutions In Orissa
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bhubaneswar)
The Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar is the first of the six New Indian Institutes being set up in the the Ministry of Human Resouce Development ( MHRD, Government of India in 2008). The classes for the current academic session are being held in Bhubaneswar. The permanent IIT Campus is however being set up in Argul on 935 acres of land. The facilty would be big enough to accommodate 10,000 students and 1,100 faculty along with a science park that would support industry oriented research activities.The IIT in Bhubaneswar will be the second largest of all IITs after the one at Kharagpur, and largest IIT in any metropolitan location.
National Institute of Science Education & Research
The National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) is a premier research institution in India along the lines of the internationally reputed IISc in Bangalore, and five sister institutions, the IISERs. The NISER operates under the umbrella of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and offers 5 year integrated M.S. as well as Ph. D. degrees in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology.Established in 2007 The NISER operates in Bhubaneswar A new 300 acres campus in Barunei Hills, between Bhubaneswar and the state capital and Khurda is due to start functioning soon.
National Institute of Aurveda
National Institute of Aurveda was suggested by the CM of Odisha at Gandhamardan (Nrusinghanath)
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research
A new NIPER is planned in Bhubaneswar
A new Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH) is planned in Bhubaneswar
This is a newly established centrally funded university in Koraput.
The central government will establish four new National Institutes of Design (NIDs). One of the locations would be the city of Berhampur in southern Orissa.
The central government recently announced plans to create a new National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Orissa's capital city, Bhubaneswar. A total of 35 acres of land have been granted by the state government. The NIFT would be funded through the Indian Ministry of Commerce. It will admit students in 2010.
The government of India had promised to build an All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in the state. The foundation stone was laid in Bhubaneswar, in 2003. According to recent media sources, the progress in this front has been tardy. However, there are indications that construction work will begin soon.
National law university has been established in Naraj, in the outskirts of the city of Cuttack. Classes have begun from 2009.
The Institute of Physics is a Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) run research institution that also provides research facilities for postgraduate research.
The Institute of Life Sciences (ILS) is a Department of Biotechnology run national institition that conducts research in molecular and cell biology. ILS undertakes basic and translational research in frontier areas of life sciences. The research interests of the faculty are in three major areas: infectious disease biology, gene function and regulation and translation research and technology development.
Located in the city of Cuttack, The Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI) is one of the premier institutions in Asia for rice research. It was established by the center in 1946 with an experimental farm land of 0.6 km² provided by the Orissa government. It is the second largest institution dedicated to rice research after the one at Manila.
An Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College (ESIC) and hospital is being established at an investment of Rs. 600 crores. There have been demands to locate this institution to Rourkela in western Orissa, instead of the earlier planned site near Bhubaneswar.
The Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), formerly Regional Research Laboratory) is an established institution in Bhubaneswar in 1964 by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. It is a research establishment with expertise in areas such as material science, mineral engineering and metallurgy. The central government has recently set up some more small institutions. in Bhubaneswar. These include The Indian Institute of Tourism Travel and Management Baji Rout Regional Centre (IITTM).The Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology (CIPET) was established in 2007 by the Ministry of chemical and fertilizers,The Indian Institute of Handloom Technology .The Regional Institute of Education in Acharya Vihar at Bhubaneswar, The Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) in Dhenkanal. And the Biju Patnaik National Steel Institute at puri which conducts a certificate course in iron & steel manufacturing & plant management.
The Proposed Vedanta University along the Puri-Konark marine drive, near the bay of Bengal is being funded by a $3 billion endowment by Anil Agarwal,Chairman Vedanta Resources Corporation .The Vedanta University will be India's only truly world-class university, comparable to Stanford, Harvard, and Oxford universities. It will offer undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral degrees to 100,000 Indian and foreign students in 95 disciplines in engineering, medicine, business, liberal arts, sciences, law, and the performing arts. The sprawling 8,000 acres (32 km²) Vedanta University campus is being developed by the Baltimore based architectural firm, Ayers Saint Gross.The Vedanta University will be developed in several phases until its planned completion in 2025. However, the university is expected to start admitting its first batch of around 3,500 students as early as 2011, into its engineering, liberal arts, and basic science programs. Most academic schools, including those of law and performing arts, as well as a few centers of excellence would be in place by 2016. The campus is expected to develop into a full-fledged university township with a population of 500,000.
One of the top 10 business schools in India, The Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (XIMB) postgraduate programs, leading to Masters and Ph.D. degrees in business management, rural management, as well several professional training programs.
The Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Vidya Mandir Trust and the Government of Orissa signed a Memorandum of Understanding on December 18, 2006 to establish a full-fledged multidisciplinary university near the state capital, Bhubaneswar and former capital,Cuttack within two or three years. Admission into the proposed varsity will be open to 15,000 Indian as well as foreign students. It will offer postgraduate and undergraduate degrees in traditional Indian as well as modern fields of study, such as sciences, engineering, humanities, pharmacy, biosciences, law, Vedic studies, Ayurveda, and Yoga.The proposed campus will be established in approximately 200-300 acres of land along the banks of the Kathjodi river in picturesque Naraj, near the city of Cuttack.Naraj will be developed into an education city.
Established in 1992,Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT) has become a deemed university and offers various academic programmes by its seven constituent schools - School of Technology, School of Computer Application, School of Management, School of Rural Management, School of Medicine, School of Biotechnology and KIIT Law School.
Hyderabad based Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India (ICFAI) has signed a memorandum of understanding with the chief minister of Orissa, Mr. Naveen Patnaik, to set up a university in the outskirts of the city of Bhubaneswar. ICFAI plan to buy 150 acres (0.6 km2) of land from private parties in Jatni, near the Khurda Road station. The university is budgeted at Rs. 150 crores (1.5 billion). It will function primarily as a business school.
Utkal University (Vani Vihar) was the first university to be established in Orissa in 1943. It is also the seventeenth oldest in India. It is located in Bhubaneswar and has about 3,000 postgraduate and doctoral students enrolled. The university has jurisdiction over nine districts in Orissa, namely Angul, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh and Puri, catering to the needs of higher education of a population of over 11 million people.
Sambalpur University (Jyoti Vihar) in Burla, in western Orissa is another important university covering the districts of Sambalpur, Sundargarh, Jharsuguda, Deogarh, Bargarh, Bolangir, Subarnapur, Nawapara, Kalahandi, Boudh as well as the Athamallik Sub-Division of Angul district. It offers postgraduate education in twenty seven subjects. The university has been functioning since 1967.
Berhampur University was established in southern Orissa in 1965, as the third oldest university in the state. The University has 25 affiliated colleges and covers the districts of Ganjam, Koraput, Kandhomal, Gajapati, Rayagda, Nawrangpur and Malkangiri.
The Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT) was established in the city of Bhubaneswar in 1962. It is dedicated to agriculture related research and education, and has seven colleges as well as a centre for postgraduate studies.
Established in 1956 at Burla, the Vir Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, formerly known as University College of Engineering (UCE) is Orissa's oldest and prestigious engineering institutions. It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degrees in several engineering disciplines.While other major engineering institutions (such as the IITs) only enjoy deemed university status, VSSUT is India's only full scale university for engineering and technology.
Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT),Rourkela, was created by an act of the Orissa state legislature in the year 2002. Almost all the engineering, pharmacy, architecture and most of the colleges offering MBA degree programmes are either constituent or affiliated colleges of BPUT. Today, the university has 110 colleges, both constituent and affiliated, with around 58,000 students. The disciplines include engineering and architecture, business management and hotel management, computer studies and pharmacy.
Upgraded from Ravenshaw College one of the oldest and largest colleges of India, the Ravenshaw University came into existence on 15 November 2006. Originally affiliated to University of Calcutta and thereafter to Patna University and then finally to Utkal University the institution finally got its own identity and became one of the most reputed universities of the Orissa state. Presently the University runs 23 Post-Graduate courses with research facilities and 27 Undergraduate honours courses.
The Utkal University of Culture is a newly established institution located in Bhubaneswar.
Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology (IGIT) is located at Sarang in the industrial belt of Talcher. It was established in 1982 by the government of Orissa. In addition to four year undergraduate degrees in electrical, mechanical, chemical and civil engineering, and metallurgical & materials science, it offers three year diplomas in a few technical disciplines.
College of Engineering and Technology (CET-B) was initially established within the preview of OUAT in Bhubaneswar.It got separated from OUAT since 2002,having its own vast campus of about 139 acres in Ghatikia,Khandagiri. It is primarily an undergraduate college, offering programs in Architecture, Computer science, Information Technology,Electrical, Civil, Instrumentation & electronics,Bio-Technology,Mechanical engineering,Textile engineering and Fashion Techlogy. It is currently affiliated to BPUT (Biju Patnaik University of Technology) and is the best engineering college under it.It places about 85%of its students every year. Proposed to get the IIT status soon and is presently at par with the NITs.
Established in 1944, The Shriram Chandra Bhanja Medical College (SCB Medical College) at Cuttack, is the premier medical institution in Orissa and one of the oldest in India. It offers postgraduate degrees in all broad areas of medicine. It also runs super speciality training facilities in several areas such as cardiology, neurosurgery, and radiotherapy. There also exists a dental wing under the SCB Medical college.
The Veer Surendra Sai (VSS) Medical college and hospital has been in operation since 1959 in Burla. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate education in medicine and surgery, besides offering training courses in pharmacy and nursing.
Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati (MKCG) Medical College is a medical college in Berhampur. It was originally started in 1976 as an extension of the SCB Medical College. It operates under Berhampur University. It offers MBBS and MD degrees and also provides training in medical related fields.
The Institute of Mathematics and Applications, (IMA) located in Bhubaneswar is an academic institution, established by the government of Orissa to conduct advanced research in pure and applied mathematics, and to conduct advanced postgraduate degree programs in the field. It was established in 1999.