Archaeology is a field of study, which deals with the knowledge about the past civilization. It unveils a rich store of information about the administration, social and political structure, economic organization, religious beliefs and environmental effects of past civilization. This scientific and systematic study of past civilization is done through recovery, analysis and documentation of material remains and environmental data like artifacts, features, landscapes and bio facts. Hence, archaeological inputs are of great importance in conservation of ancient monuments, town planning etc. Archaeology is a rewarding and challenging career opportunity for those who have an analytical bent of mind and a keen desire to know about the past. It can give awareness about the heritage and tradition of a country or a culture.
Those who are involved with the studies of archaeological discoveries is termed as Archaeologists. The main activities of an Archaeologist include preliminary fieldwork, excavation of sites and periodical classification of them as well as dating and interpretation of materials so excavated. They probe into the past and define earlier civilizations. Their researches and findings are preserved and maintained for present and future learning. Modern archaeologists have enhanced the accuracy of their work with scientific techniques of carbon dating of artifacts and the use of DNA analysis
Courses Details For Career in Archaeology
It is preferable for candidates to have a background of ancient history and culture. A 10+2 pass student is eligible for Bachelor course in Archaeology. After graduation he/she can opt for a Post graduate Diploma in this subject. Archaeology is a rewarding career opportunity for those who have an analytical bend of mind, a keen desire to know about the past, perceptive and probing mind, keen observation, analytical and logical thinking, adaptable to physical stress and a lot of patience.
Career Prospects in Archaeology
The profession of Archaeology offers interesting job opportunities in government as well as in private sectors. In India, students who pass out from the Institute of Archaeology, have brighter career prospects as they are readily absorbed by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Archaeologists also can seek jobs in government sectors by taking up competitive examinations conducted by UPSC and SSC. They can also join private environment monitoring companies or similar organizations working in this field. They can seek to be employed in Defense services, museums, art galleries, archives and other cultural and historical centers. A degree holder in Archaeology can works as tourist guide, heritage manager, interpreter, resource person of trip organizers in the tourism industry. After obtaining Doctoral degree one can take up teaching and research work. Archaeologists can even seek employment in other disciplines as historians, linguists and surveyors and as specialists like Numismatists (study of coins) and Epigraphists (study of ancient inscriptions). Archaeology graduates have great scope of jobs in abroad. Here they work as curators, heritage conservators, archivists or even as teachers.
The pay scale for an Archeologist depends on their education, level of skill and who they work for. Since the nature of job prospects is very diverse, the salary can vary tremendously. The basic pay scale of an Assistant Archaeologist employed with the Archaeological Survey of India is between Rs. 9,000 and Rs. 15,000 including other allowances. The promotion is based upon the performance. The salary scale of the Director General varies between Rs.25,000 and 30,000. The minimum pay scale of Archaeologists working in colleges and universities is around 16,000 to 20,000/- per month. A doctoral degree in this field entitles one to reach higher pay scale and it is a must for a rise in this career.
The initial pay scale in private firms can be much higher when compared to the government sector. The remuneration with time and experience expands to the advantage of Archaeologists
Institute Offering courses in Archaeology
Several institutes offer Bachelor and Master’s degree in Archaeology.Please click here to find the list of some prominent institutes providing different courses in Archaeology in India.