Career in Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics relate to the use of information technology in the field of molecular biology. It involves management and analysis of biological data. Biological information are collected, maintained and analyzed with an aim to use them in further research work that can be used to develop medicines or biologically superior crops etc thereby alleviating the human life. Bioinformatics is applied in various fields like human health, environment, agriculture, biotechnology and energy to advance the biomedical research and development. It is used in the field of molecular medicine to produce the customized medicines for the prevention or cure of the disease.
Bioinformatics is an emerging interdisciplinary research area and is increasingly being used to improve the quality of life. Its importance is unlimited in the genomic era (genome is the complex molecular chains that constitute each organism’s unique genetic heritage). And the prospects for employment are equally superb.
A career in Bioinformatics is suitable for the graduates or post-graduates in genetics, chemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, veterinary science, pharmacy, mathematics, and physics and also for the IT professionals, engineers and medicos. Various courses in bioinformatics are available such as B. Tech in Bioinformatics, Master's Degree in Bioinformatics, Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics and M. Tech in Bioinformatics.
Career Prospects In Bioinformatics
As a career option, Bioinformatics scores high among science graduates. Youngsters are increasingly opting for this field as it offers lucrative career option of working with big companies like Accelrys and IBM Life Sciences ,Pubgene, Silicon Genetics and Tessella. Some of the specific career areas that fall within the scope of bioinformatics include Sequence assembly, Database design and maintenance, Sequence analysis, Proteomics (study of protein, particularly their structures and functions), Pharmacogenomics, Pharma-cology, Clinical pharmacologist, Informatics developer; Computational chemist, Bio-analytics and Analytics etc.
The work involved in the specific career areas are Drug design utilizing 3-D structure modelling and computational chemistry (Cheminformatics), Comparing genetic data between and within species (Genomics), Genomic analysis in an attempt to find drug targets (Pharmacogenomics), Characterisation of proteins and their interactions (Proteomics), Prediction of the function of genes and proteins based on sequence and structural data etc. One can find work in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Companies where bioinformatics technologies are applied throughout the drug discovery process. One can also take up teaching jobs in public institutions if he has a skill in teaching.
A postgraduate joining a private sector pharmaceutical company can expect to get a salary in the range of Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 20,000 per month. Those employed in government research can start on Rs. 9,000 along with government allowances.
Institutes offering Bioinformatics Course in India
Courses in Bio-Informatics are provided by different universities and institutes.Please click here for a list colleges and universities that provide courses in Bioinformatics.