Careers in Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineering involves the design and maintenance of chemical plants and the development of chemical processes for converting raw materials or chemicals into valuable forms including those to remove chemicals from waste materials, to enable large-scale manufacture. It covers various fields of chemical technology in mineral based industries, petrochemical plants, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibers, petroleum refining plants etc. Chemical engineers design and operate chemical plants and improve methods of production of large manufacturing units. They are required as they work to create synthetic replacements for those natural materials and scarce resources. Professionally a chemical engineer need to imbibe and implement technological skills of various other engineering trade to execute his work properly. This may involve the works of a chemists, industrial engineers, materials engineers as well as electrical engineers. Chemical engineers are responsible for the availability of modern high-quality materials that are essential for running an industrial economy. They design equipments and operate chemical plants as well as determine the problems and find the best methods of production.
There are both diploma and degree courses available for study in Chemical engineering. One can go for the 3 year diploma course after the 10th standard (SSC).Else one can pursue a graduate level degree (B.E / B.Tech) or postgraduate degree (M.E) in Chemical Engineering
The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Duration for a Btech programme for chemical engineering is 4 years.
<>Selection : Selection to the graduate courses ( BE / B.Tech ) is based on merit i.e the marks secured in the final exams of 10+2 and through entrance exams. Entrance to the IIT's is through JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) and for other major institutions through AIEEE (All India Engineering/ Architecture Entrance Examination) OR their own separate entrance exams and other state level and national level exams. There is also the AMIE (Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers) which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor's degree through distance education for career advancement.
Career Prospects in Chemical Engineering
Wide employment opportunities await chemical engineers both in the public sector as well as the private sector. They can seek jobs in areas such as manufacturing industries, food processing industries, chemical process industries such as fertilizer, pesticides, specialty chemicals, dyes, dyestuff, paint and lubricants. Candidates with an additional management degree are sought by private industries. In the government sector, chemical engineers are employed to solve environmental problems such as waste and water treatment, on energy sector such as energy conservation and research on alternate energy sources and health-related research projects, defense establishments and atomic power plants. Besides these Chemical Engineers can opt for teaching as a remunerative option. Various sectors where they can seek employment are:
- Food & Drink
- Oil and Gas
- Process Plants & Equipment
Remuneration is good in the sector and freshers can easily get salary of Rs. 10000 to Rs. 12000 per month. Diploma holders can start their career with a pay of around Rs. 7000 to 9000.People can even get employed as lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of Rs 12,000-Rs 13,000 a month. With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more. Senior engineers can earn anywhere in between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 a month. Those at management levels can earn up to Rs 60,000 or even more.
Colleges Offering courses in Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering is a curriculum of studies in most of the engineering colleges in the country.Please click here for a list of engineering college in India that provide courses in Chemical Engineering.