Careers - Career in Civil Engineering,Career Prospects in Civil Engineering,Institutes Offering Courses in Civil Engineering

Career in Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering, Career in Civil EngineeringOne of the oldest engineering disciplines, Civil Engineering as a profession touches every facet of human life. It deals with a wide variety of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, water works, sewage systems, ports etc. and offers a multitude of challenging career opportunities. In fact, Civil Engineering qualification opens the doors to multiple career options and specialized areas of study and employment. The advent and application of information technology has enhanced the scope of civil engineering to design better and build bigger.

A civil engineer plans the project and constructs it to the required scale.The job is often mired with administrative challenges. As such a civil engineer needs not to be technically sound in his area but also has got to have some administrative capabilities as well.. The planning part of his work involves site investigation, feasibility studies, creating solutions to complications that may occur and the actual designing of structures. He needs to prepare cost estimates and set construction schedules.Construction work involves dealing with clients, architects, government officials, contactors and the supervision of work according to standards.

Major specializations in civil engineering are:

  • Construction Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Coastal and Ocean Engineering
  • Bridge Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Fire Protection Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering

Course Details

The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech in Civil Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with high percentage of marks in Science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics).

Selection : Selection to the graduate courses ( BE / B.Tech ) is based on merit i.e. the marks secured in the final exams of 10+2 and through entrance exams. Entrance to the IIT's is through 'JEE' (Joint Entrance Exam) and other state level and national level exams. There are other institutes that conduct their own exams.Apart from the IIT's, some other famous institutes also recognize JEE scores for selection. Selection to the postgraduate courses ( M.Sc / M.Tech) in different universities is through an 'All India Combined Entrance exam' conducted by JNU, New Delhi and to IIT's through 'GATE' in Two year/ 4 semester M.Tech courses and through JEE in five year integrated M.Tech courses.

Duration : BE/B.Tech courses are of 4 year's duration. The diploma courses are of 2-3 year's duration

Fees : In private colleges fees range from approx Rs.1 lakh to Rs. 2 lakh annually for a bachelors degree. In IIT's it varies between Rs. 15,000/- to Rs. 20,000/- per year.

Career Prospects in Civil Engineering

Civil EngineeringCivil Engineers can find job in Government departments, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase as fast as the average for all jobs, although the construction industry is vulnerable to fluctuations in the economy. Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc. Civil engineering graduates can also go in for research and take up teaching or they can open their own independent consultancy services.

Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. After doing B.Tech, one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. The experts say there is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries.


Remuneration is high in the field and a greenhorn civil engineer can be placed right out of college at a starting package of Rs. 2.4 Lac. Private sector real estate companies are known to have hired fresher from IITs for 6 lacs per annum. The entry of the MNCs and the consequent boom in infrastructure sector is likely to add on to the existing salary structure.

Institutes Offering Courses in Civil Engineering

All the seven IITs at Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore and Roorkee offer Bachelor's programs in Civil Engineering. The National Institutes of Technology (formerly REC) also offer a similar program at their 18 centres across the country. Several prestigious programs are also offered by leading universities and institutes in India. These include Anna University, Chennai, Birla Institute of Technology, Pilani, Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore and R.V. College of Engineering, Bangalore.

Entrance Exams & Admissions Schedule

S. No.



Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam Months


National Institute of Technology, Trichy

B. Tech (Civil Engineering)




Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore

B. Tech (Civil Engineering)




Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

B. Tech (Civil Engineering)




Birla Institute of Technology, Pilani

B. Tech (Civil Engineering)




Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi

B. Tech (Civil Engineering)





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