Career in Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering is a professional discipline that deals with the application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. This branch offers exciting job opportunities for students in the rapidly evolving fields of information and communication technology and the latest advances in the more traditional areas of power, control, and electromagnetism. This branch of engineering covers traditional areas likes generation, distribution and transmission of electricity as well as new age applications in electronics ranging from telecommunications to computers and micro processors. The course is closely linked with computation and neural systems, applied physics, computer science and applied dynamic systems. Developing a career in Electrical engineering is challenging as well as rewarding both in India as well as in other developed countries across the world.
An aspirant for electrical engineering should start his/her academic career in Science at intermediate level i.e. plus two (with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). After completion of class 12th or plus two in science stream one has to sit for entrance examination conducted both at national and state level (e.g. IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT etc.). After qualifying the entrance exam he/she would take up BE/BTech in Electrical engineering which is of four years duration.
One can also go for Diploma program after completion of his/her class 10th. Here he/she will be recognized with the status of a junior engineer.One, who still wants to study further after completing BE/BTech, can pursue MTech program offered by Indian Institutes of Technology and few other engineering colleges in the country.
Individuals with interests in research areas can pursue PhD after his/her post graduation studies for carrying out research works.
AMIE Associate Memberships of the Institution of Engineers also offers courses in Electrical engineering which is equivalent to BE/BTech provided by other institutes/universities
Career Prospects in Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering is an exploding field. Job prospects for electrical engineers are quite good. Electrical engineers are required to develop, design, manufacture, test, evaluate, market, sell and manage electrical and electronic systems.
In India, fresh graduates in electrical engineering can find jobs both in public and private sector. However private companies provide good salary in comparasion to the government companies. Among the largest employers of electrical engineers are computer, telecommunications and consumer electronics companies. One can also choose to opt for research work in this field by joining research labs and institutes. Teaching profession is also rewarding in an engineering college/university as a full time or part time lecturer/professor.
There are four well defined branches of electrical engineering: power, communications, electronics, and control systems. Electrical engineers who specialize in power are involved in the generating of, transmission, distribution and application of power from such sources as water, fossil fuel, nuclear, and solar energy. Electrical engineers specializing in communications are involved in equipment engineering, circuit transmissions, traffic plant and acoustical engineering. This branch of engineering designs systems that receive, transmit and deliver information into audio and video forms. Electronics engineers develop and implement computer systems and enhance electronic aids like heart monitors. Those with a specialization in control systems design such products as automatic regulators, guidance systems and robotics controls. An electrical engineer can find employment in the below sectors:
- Consulting firms
- Federal/state/local governments Armed Forces
- Aeronautical/aerospace industry Automotive industry
- Chemical industry Computer industry
- Construction industry Defense industry
- Electronics industry Environmental industry
- Food and beverage industry Transportation industry
- Water/waste water industry Nuclear Industry
- Machine tool design industry
- Universities and colleges
The average starting monthly salary of electrical engineering graduates in India ranges between Rs. 15,000 – Rs.25, 000. The pay-package in foreign countries is much higher as compared to India. Graduates from elite technological institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Birla Institute of Technology command more salaries than those students who get qualified from other engineering institutes.
Institutes Offering Courses in Civil Engineering
All engineering colleges in the country offer BE/BTech in electrical engineering. This includes the pioneer institutes are the Indian Institutes of Technology, Birla institute of Technology, National Institutes of Technology, Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), College of Engineering and Technology (Anna University) and several other engineering colleges. Btech courses in Electrical engineering are offered in all 7 IITs in India and 19 NITs.